In Indonesia, many Balinese people are scattered throughout Indonesia, and there are also many people outside Bali who have migrated to Bali to make a living, this dictionary application was created to help and make it easier for users to understand and learn Balinese, so that it can be easier to communicate with residents or colleagues who can speak Balinese.
Hopefully useful and blessings for all of us,
Balinese is an Austronesian language from the Sundic branch and more specifically from the Bali-Sasak branch. This language is mainly spoken on the island of Bali, on the western island of Lombok, and a little on the eastern tip of the island of Java. In Bali itself, the Balinese language has a level of use, for example, there are those called Bali Alus, Bali Madya and Bali Kasar. This happened because the influence of the Javanese language spread to Bali since the Majapahit era, even until the Islamic Mataram era, even though the Islamic Mataram kingdom never conquered Bali. The soft one is used for formal speech, for example in meetings at the traditional village level, proposing to women, or between low-caste and higher-caste people. The middle class is used at the middle level of society, for example officials with their subordinates, while the rude ones are used by low-class people, for example the sudras or between the aristocrats and their courtiers. In Lombok the Balinese language is mainly spoken around the city of Mataram, while in Java the Balinese language is mainly spoken. in several villages in Banyuwangi district. Apart from that, the Osing language, a Javanese dialect typical of Banyuwangi, also absorbs many Balinese words. For example, the word osing which means "no" is taken from the Balinese language tusing. Balinese language is spoken by approximately 4 million people.
A distinctive feature of the Balinese language is that the voiceless explosive phoneme / t / is pronounced as [t] in the final position, but in the initial and middle positions it is pronounced as [ʈ] (t retroflex).
The vowel / a / in the open ending is pronounced as [ĕ]. Suppose the word Kuta, the name of the most famous beach in Bali, is pronounced as [k'uʈĕ].
Like other Austronesian languages, Balinese also tends to be bilingual and in the KVKVK form. However, in reduplicating a monosyllabic syllable in the form of KVK, in Balinese this usually becomes KVKKVK in contrast to Malay and Javanese:
The Balinese language in the Austronesian language family is often identified as the most closely related to Javanese. However this is not the case. Balinese language is closest to Sasak and several languages on the western island of Sumbawa. Its similarity to Javanese is only due to the influence of vocabulary on Javanese due to Javanese colonization activities in the past, especially in the 14th century AD. Bali was conquered by Gajah Mada in 1343 AD. Even in Austronesian families, Balinese is phonologically more like Malay than Javanese. However, the phoneme / r / in the final position in Malay, often becomes / h / in Balinese. This can be proven by the comparison list of basic vocabulary in Malay, Balinese, Old Javanese and New Javanese:
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